South American Camelids

Kingdom Animal
Family Camelidae
Genus Lama Vicugna Camelus
Species Lama Glama Lama Guanicoe Vicugna Pacos Vicugna Vicugna Dromedario (one-humped camels) Camello (two-humped camels)
Varieties Llama Q'ara Llama Ch'aku Guanaco Alpaca Huacayo Alpaca Suri Vicuna    

Estimated population of South American camelids (x1000)

  Llama Alpaca Guanaco Vicuna
Argentina 200.0 .2 578.7 10.0
Bolivia 2500.0 300.0   4.5
Chile 85.0 .5 22.5 16.3
Colombia .2      
Ecuador 2.0      
Peru 989.6 2600.0 1.6 62.0
Total 3776.8 2900.7 602.8 92.8

Biological data and fleece characteristics of South American camelids

  Llama Alpaca Guanaco Vicuna
Gestation Period (d) 348±9 342–345 345–360 346–356
Birth body wt (kg) 11.9±1.6 7–8 8–15 4–6
Weaning body wt (kg) 45.4±7.2 25–35    
Adult body wt (kg) 115.7±22.0 (66–151) 58.3±9.0 120.2±12.2 35.3±1.6
Height to withers (cm) 109–119   110–120  
Carcass dressing, (%) 57.0 55.2±9.0 55.0  
Fleece wt (kg) 2.8±1.1 (1.9–5.7) 1.8 (0.9–4.0) 0.25 0.18–0.25
Staple length (cm) 10.2±2.2 8.9±1.5   3.4±0.83
Fibre diameter (micron) 31.5 (20–80) 20±6.6 (12–30) 16–18 11–14